To align with Scrum’s 25th Anniversary, co-creators Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland released an update to the Scrum Guide 2020. The main changes are identified below.
Changes between 2017 and 2020 Scrum Guides
1. Even Less Prescriptive
Over the years, the Scrum Guide started getting a bit more prescriptive. The 2020 version aimed to bring Scrum back to being a minimally sufficient framework by removing or softening prescriptive language. e.g. removed Daily Scrum questions, soften language around PBI attributes, soften language around retro items in Sprint Backlog, shortened Sprint cancellation section, and more.
2. One Team, Focused on One Product
The goal was to eliminate the concept of a separate team within a team that has led to “proxy” or “us and them” behavior between the PO and Dev Team. There is now just one Scrum Team focused on the same objective, with three different sets of accountabilities: PO, SM, and Developers.
3. Introduction of Product Goal
The 2020 Scrum Guide introduces the concept of a Product Goal to provide focus for the Scrum Team toward a larger valuable objective. Each Sprint should bring the product closer to the overall Product Goal.
4. A Home for Sprint Goal, Definition of Done, and Product Goal
Previous Scrum Guides described Sprint Goal and Definition of Done without really giving them an identity. They were not quite artifacts but were somewhat attached to artifacts. With the addition of Product Goal, the 2020 version provides more clarity around this. Each of the three artifacts now contain ‘commitments’ to them. For the Product Backlog it is the Product Goal, the Sprint Backlog has the Sprint Goal, and the Increment has the Definition of Done (now without the quotes) . They exist to bring transparency and focus toward the progress of each artifact.
5. Self-Managing over Self-Organizing
Previous Scrum Guides referred to Development Teams as self-organizing, choosing who and how to do work. With more of a focus on the Scrum Team, the 2020 version emphasizes a self-managing Scrum Team, choosing who, how, and what to work on.
6. Three Sprint Planning Topics
In addition to the Sprint Planning topics of “What” and “How”, the 2020 Scrum Guide places emphasis on a third topic, “Why”, referring to the Sprint Goal.
7. Overall Simplification of Language for a Wider Audience
The 2020 Scrum Guide has placed an emphasis on eliminating redundant and complex statements as well as removing any remaining inference to IT work (e.g. testing, system, design, requirement, etc). The Scrum Guide is now less than 13 pages.
Since the Scrum Guide was published in 2010, there have been changes made on a regular basis. Each change brings about some happy campers and some detractors. Regardless of the changes, Scrum is still Scrum and it continues to help us solve complex problems.
We hope to see you on December 2nd for a free Braintrust webinar where we dig into the Scrum Guide changes in great detail. Come talk to the Braintrust Trainers and Coaches to hear their insights.